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Zarmati, L ORCID: 0000-0002-0877-6298 and Riley, D 2019 , 'Pompeii', in C Smith (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology , Springer Nature, Switzerland, pp. 1-7.

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The archaeological site of the Roman town ofPompeii is located in Campania, Southern Italy,8 km southeast of the apex of Mount Vesuvius.Pompeii as well as the nearby towns of Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis were destroyed andburied when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE. In1997, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and TorreAnnunziata were declared World Heritage sitesby UNESCO because they “provide a completeand vivid picture of society and daily life at aspecific moment in the past that is without parallelanywhere in the world” (UNESCO 2019).In ancient times Pompeii was situated on a lowhill at the mouth of the Sarno River, about ninekilometers south of Mount Vesuvius. Both theriver port and the shallow bay to the south werefilled in by volcanic deposits during the 79 CEeruption which pushed the coastline outwards bymore than 1 km. This was a total disaster for theinhabitants, but they have not been forgotten,because the 4-m-thick layer of volcanic debrispreserved the city and most of its material goods.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Zarmati, L and Riley, D
Keywords: archaeology, pompeii, herculaneum, interpretation, excavation
Publisher: Springer Nature
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2490-2
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Copyright 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

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