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Parental supply of alcohol as a predictor of adolescent alcohol consumption patterns: A prospective cohort

Clare, PJ, Aiken, A, Yuen, WS, Peacock, A, Boland, V, Wadolowski, M, Hutchinson, D, Najman, J, Slade, T, Bruno, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6673-833X, McBride, N, Degenhardt, L, Kypri, K and Mattick, RP 2019 , 'Parental supply of alcohol as a predictor of adolescent alcohol consumption patterns: A prospective cohort' , Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 204 , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.06.031.

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Abstract

Background: Recent research has not supported the idea that parental supply of alcohol to adolescents preventslater alcohol-related harm. Yet the specific role of parental supply in shaping patterns of drinking over timeremains unclear. This study investigated the role of parental supply of alcohol in patterns of drinking acrossadolescence, and assessed whether that role remained consistent over time.Method: Using a longitudinal cohort of 1927 adolescents (mean age 12.9 years), recruited in 2010 and 2011from schools across Australia and followed up annually until 2016, we assessed three outcomes using mixedeffect negative binomial regression: frequency of consumption, typical quantity consumed, and overall alcoholconsumption in the year (frequency * quantity). Child, parental, familial, and peer confounders of adolescentalcohol consumption were measured and adjusted for in the analyses.Findings: Parental supply was associated with greater overall consumption in earlier adolescence: Grade 7–8(incidence rate ratio [IRR]: 3.61; 95% CI: 2.55, 5.12; no supply IRR: 1.00), Grade 8–9 (IRR: 4.84; 95% CI: 3.66,6.39; no supply IRR: 1.44) and Grade 9–10 (IRR: 8.33; 95% CI: 6.28, 11.05; no supply IRR: 4.75). Alcoholconsumption continued to increase in later adolescence regardless of whether parental supply occurred.Conclusions: Parental supply of alcohol was associated with increased alcohol consumption by their childrenduring early adolescence. While parental supply appears to have less impact on drinking in later adolescence,there was no evidence to suggest it is protective. Parents should be advised to avoid supplying children withalcohol, particularly in early adolescence.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Clare, PJ and Aiken, A and Yuen, WS and Peacock, A and Boland, V and Wadolowski, M and Hutchinson, D and Najman, J and Slade, T and Bruno, R and McBride, N and Degenhardt, L and Kypri, K and Mattick, RP
Keywords: alcohol, drinking, adolescent, cohort study, longitudinal study, epidemiology
Journal or Publication Title: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0376-8716
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.06.031
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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