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Thysanoessa macrura in the southern Kerguelen region: population dynamics and biomass

Wallis, JR ORCID: 0000-0003-2932-612X, Maschette, D ORCID: 0000-0003-2590-8544, Wotherspoon, S ORCID: 0000-0002-6947-4445, Kawaguchi, S and Swadling, KM ORCID: 0000-0002-7620-841X 2020 , 'Thysanoessa macrura in the southern Kerguelen region: population dynamics and biomass' , Deep-Sea Research. Part 2 , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.104719.

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Abstract

Thysanoessa macrura is well adapted to the strong seasonality of the Southern Ocean. A flexible diet, large lipid reserves and a winter reproductive period provide T. macrura with the ability to capitalise on the pulses of primary and secondary reproduction in spring and summer. The population dynamics of T. macrura were examined over the southern Kerguelen Plateau region as part of a large-scale ecosystem assessment. Larval stages were present in high abundances, exceeding 4000 Ind. 1000 m−3, with a peak in early furcilia (FI − FIV) and lower abundances of calyptopis stages (CI − CIII) indicating the end of a prolonged spawning period. High abundances of T. macrura were recorded throughout the entire study region, although they tended to be highest over the southern extent of the Banzare Bank and Princess Elizabeth Trough. This maximum appeared to be driven by the presence of the copepod Calanoides acutus, a dominant prey source. The first biomass estimates of T. macrura were determined for the region using length-frequency and abundance distributions. A mean biomass of 1.66 mg m−3 (wet weight) was calculated for the region, however localised biomass over the southern tip of the Banzare Bank exceeded 9 mg m−3 in the upper 200 m of the water column. The high biomass of T. macrura highlights their significance as an energy-rich resource for larger predators, inferring they play a currently underappreciated role in pelagic food-webs of the Southern Ocean.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Wallis, JR and Maschette, D and Wotherspoon, S and Kawaguchi, S and Swadling, KM
Keywords: krill, larvae, Calyptopis, Furcilia, Calanoides acutus, lipids
Journal or Publication Title: Deep-Sea Research. Part 2
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0967-0645
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.104719
Copyright Information:

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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