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Proxy and patient reports of health-related quality of life in a national cancer survey

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Roydhouse, J, Gutman, R, Keating, NL, Mor, V and Wilson, IB 2018 , 'Proxy and patient reports of health-related quality of life in a national cancer survey' , Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 16, no. 6 , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.1186/s12955-017-0823-5.

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Abstract

Background: Proxy respondents are frequently used in surveys, including those assessing health-related quality of life(HRQOL). In cancer, most research involving proxies has been undertaken with paired proxy-patient populations, whereproxy responses are compared to patient responses for the same individual. In these populations, proxy-patientdifferences are small and suggest proxy underestimation of patient HRQOL. In practice, however, proxy responses willonly be used when patient responses are not available. The difference between proxy and patient reports of patientHRQOL where patients are not able to report for themselves in cancer is not known. The objective of this study was toevaluate the difference between patient and proxy reports of patient HRQOL in a large national cancer survey, anddetermine if this difference could be mitigated by adjusting for clinical and sociodemographic information about patients.Methods: Data were from the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance (CanCORS) study. Patients or theirproxies were recruited within 3–6 months of diagnosis with lung or colorectal cancer. HRQOL was measured using theSF-12 mental and physical composite scales. Differences of ½ SD (=5 points) were considered clinically significant. Theprimary independent variable was proxy status. Linear regression models were used to adjust for patientsociodemographic and clinical covariates, including cancer stage, patient age and education, and patient co-morbidities.Results: Of 6471 respondents, 1011 (16%) were proxies. Before adjustment, average proxy-reported scores were lower forboth physical (−6.7 points, 95% CI -7.4 to −5.9) and mental (−6 points, 95% CI -6.7 to −5.2) health. Proxy-reported scoresremained lower after adjustment (physical: −5.8 points, −6.6 to −5; mental: −5.8 points, −6.6 to 5). Proxy-patient scoredifferences remained clinically and statistically significant, even after adjustment for sociodemographic and clinicalvariables.Conclusions: Proxy-reported outcome scores for both physical and mental health were clinically and significantly lowerthan patient-reported scores for these outcomes. The size of the proxy-patient score differences was not affected by thehealth domain, and adjustment for sociodemographic and clinical variables had minimal impact.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Roydhouse, J and Gutman, R and Keating, NL and Mor, V and Wilson, IB
Keywords: cancer, quality of life, proxy-reported, survey
Journal or Publication Title: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
ISSN: 1477-7525
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s12955-017-0823-5
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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