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The socio-cultural benefits and costs of the traditional hunting of dugongs Dugong dugon and green turtles Chelonia mydas in Torres Strait, Australia

Delisle, A, Kiatkoski Kim, M, Stoeckl, N ORCID: 0000-0001-5899-4771, Watkin Lui, F and Marsh, H 2018 , 'The socio-cultural benefits and costs of the traditional hunting of dugongs Dugong dugon and green turtles Chelonia mydas in Torres Strait, Australia' , Oryx, vol. 52, no. 2 , pp. 250-261 , doi: 10.1017/S0030605317001466.

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Abstract

Signatory states of the Convention on BiologicalDiversity must ‘protect and encourage the customary useof biological resources in accordance with traditionalcultural practices that are compatible with conservation orsustainable use requirements’. Thus the management oftraditional hunting of wildlife must balance the sustainability of target species with the benefits of hunting to traditionalcommunities. Conservation policies usually define the valuesassociated with wild meats in terms of income and nutrition,neglecting a wide range of social and cultural values that areimportant to traditional hunting communities. We elicitedthe community-defined benefits and costs associated withthe traditional hunting of dugongs Dugong dugon andgreen turtles Chelonia mydas from communities on two islands in Torres Strait, Australia. We then used cognitivemapping and multidimensional scaling to identify separablegroups of benefits (cultural services, provisioning services,and individual benefits) and demonstrate that traditionalowners consider the cultural services associated with traditional hunting to be significantly more important than theprovisioning services. Understanding these cultural valuescan inform management actions in accordance with theConvention on Biological Diversity. If communities are unable to hunt, important cultural benefits are foregone. Basedon our results, we question the appropriateness of conservation actions focused on prohibiting hunting and providingmonetary compensation for the loss of provisioning servicesonly.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Delisle, A and Kiatkoski Kim, M and Stoeckl, N and Watkin Lui, F and Marsh, H
Keywords: <i>Chelonia mydas</i>, cognitive mapping, cultural values, dugong, <i>Dugong dugon</i>, green turtle, Torres Strait, traditional hunting
Journal or Publication Title: Oryx
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
ISSN: 0030-6053
DOI / ID Number: 10.1017/S0030605317001466
Copyright Information:

© 2017 Fauna & Flora International

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