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Comparison of the effectiveness of a 12 step substance use recovery program on quality of life

Mokhtari, MR, Alavi, M, Pahlavanzadeh, S, Weimand, BM, Visentin, D ORCID: 0000-0001-9961-4384 and Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 2019 , 'Comparison of the effectiveness of a 12 step substance use recovery program on quality of life' , Nursing and Health Sciences , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1111/nhs.12668.

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Substance-related disorders can adversely impact quality of life. This study assessed a12 step program on health-related quality of life for Iranian individuals seeking torecover from substance use. The study used a quasi-experimental, two group, threestage, pre- and post-test design and collected data at baseline, and at 1 and 3 months’post-intervention. The treatment group comprised 35 participants in a 12 step programwith a non-equivalent comparison group of individuals admitted to addictiontreatment centers. Physical and mental health quality-of-life domains were assessedusing the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire. The treatment group improvedin all aspects of health-related quality of life. The treatment group improved comparedto the comparison group for two of eight quality of life dimensions – physicalfunctioning and role limitations due to emotional problems – at 1 month post-intervention.There were additional improvements at 3 months’ follow up in six of eightquality-of-life subscales compared to the comparison group. The benefits to quality oflife related to mental health recovery extended beyond the treatment program, indicatingthat the program principles were effectively implemented in daily life.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mokhtari, MR and Alavi, M and Pahlavanzadeh, S and Weimand, BM and Visentin, D and Cleary, M
Keywords: health-related quality of life, Iran, mental health recovery, substance-related disorder
Journal or Publication Title: Nursing and Health Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN: 1441-0745
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/nhs.12668
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© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd

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