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Phylogeny

Charleston, M ORCID: 0000-0001-8385-341X 2017 , 'Phylogeny', in Reference Module in Life Sciences (LIFE) , Elsevier, USA, pp. 1-4.

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Abstract

The branching pattern of ancestor–descendant relationships among “taxa” (eg, species or their genes) is called a “phylogeny.”“Phylogenetics” is the process of attempting to estimate these historical relationships by examining information such as DNA, proteinsequences, or morphological (shape) characters from extant taxa. This information is generally presented using a mathematical tree – astructure used to describe the evolutionary history of the taxa at a high level. These trees come in several different varieties and can beinferred in several different ways. There is a great amount of effort being put into methods of estimating trees, as well as determiningparticular phylogenies for species of interest.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Charleston, M
Keywords: Bayesian statistics; Likelihood; Network; Parsimony; Phylogeny; Tree
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.06904-1
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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