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Defining Southern Ocean fronts and their influence on biological and physical processes in a changing climate

Chapman, CC, Lea, M-A ORCID: 0000-0001-8318-9299, Meyer, A ORCID: 0000-0003-0447-795X, Sallee, J-B and Hindell, M ORCID: 0000-0002-7823-7185 2020 , 'Defining Southern Ocean fronts and their influence on biological and physical processes in a changing climate' , Nature Climate Change, vol. 10 , pp. 209-219 , doi: 10.1038/s41558-020-0705-4.

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Abstract

The Southern Ocean is a critical component of the global climate system and an important ecoregion that contains a diverse range of interdependent flora and fauna. It also hosts numerous fronts: sharp boundaries between waters with different characteristics. As they strongly influence exchanges between the ocean, atmosphere and cryosphere, fronts are of fundamental importance to the climate system. However, rapid advances in physical oceanography over the past 20 years have challenged previous definitions of fronts and their response to anthropogenic climate change. Here we review the implications of this recent research for the study of climate, ecology and biology in the Southern Ocean. We include a frontal definition ‘user’s guide’ to clarify the current debate and aid in future research.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Chapman, CC and Lea, M-A and Meyer, A and Sallee, J-B and Hindell, M
Keywords: southern ocean, fronts, eddies, production
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Climate Change
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1758-678X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41558-020-0705-4
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Crown Copyright

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