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Empirical analysis of the best warehousing practices and its impact on cocoa beans quality: the perspective of cocoa producers


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Prah, I and Fanam, PD 2019 , 'Empirical analysis of the best warehousing practices and its impact on cocoa beans quality: the perspective of cocoa producers' , Pelita Perkebunan, vol. 35, no. 3 , pp. 230-240 .

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The importance of cocoa to the economy of Ghana cannot be overemphasized. For several decades, cocoa has been the backbone of the country’seconomy and plays a major role in employment, foreign exchange earnings,government revenue, education, and infrastructural development of Ghana. Ghanais the world premier supplier of high quality cocoa and second largest exporterof the commodity. Maintaining this high quality of cocoa beans is important inmaintaining this status, and in doing so, continue in charging a cocoa premiumprice. In this study, four best practices of cocoa warehousing were identified fromliterature and the impact they have on the quality of cocoa beans was exploredto much detail using data collected from sixty-six district managers and depotkeepers of cocoa warehouses in the Agona East and Agona West districts ofthe Central region of Ghana. A structural equation model was developed andtested to explore this phenomenon. The findings revealed that the four cocoawarehousing best practices – inventory control, warehouse maintenance, warehouse inspection, and records keeping – were significantly positively associatedwith quality of cocoa beans. This suggests that all efforts aimed at improvingthese aspects of cocoa warehousing would reflect positively on the quality ofcocoa beans. The study also revealed important challenges to cocoa warehousingin the sampled cocoa warehouses and depots including low capacity of warehouses, poor lighting, poor ventilation, attack by pests and diseases, mishandling,insufficient equipment and facilities, pilferage and damage of cocoa beans, andlack of training for staffs and other workers of cocoa warehousing and storageinstitutions. These challenges threaten to lower the quality of Ghana’s cocoabeans. The study recommends that greater investment should be channelled intococoa warehousing as doing so would address most of the challenges identified.The study also calls for further research into other cocoa warehousing practicesnot tackled in this study to determine how they impact on the quality of cocoabeans.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Prah, I and Fanam, PD
Keywords: warehouse process, cocoa quality, exploratory factor analysis, service quality
Journal or Publication Title: Pelita Perkebunan
Publisher: Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute
ISSN: 0215-0212
Copyright Information:

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)

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