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Childhood/adolescent smoking and adult smoking and cessation: The International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort (i3C) Consortium

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Hu, T, Gall, SL ORCID: 0000-0002-5138-2526, Widome, R, Bazzano, LA, Burns, TL, Daniels, SR, Dwyer, T, Ikonen, J, Juonala, M, Kahonen, M, Prineas, RJ, Raitakari, O, Sinaiko, AR, Steinberger, J, Urbina, EM, Venn, A ORCID: 0000-0001-7090-1398, Viikari, J, Woo, JG and Jacobs, DR 2020 , 'Childhood/adolescent smoking and adult smoking and cessation: The International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort (i3C) Consortium' , Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 9, no. 7 , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.1161/JAHA.119.014381.

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Abstract

Background: Despite declining US adolescent smoking prevalence from 40% among 12th graders in 1995 to around 10% in 2018, adolescent smoking is still a significant problem. Using the International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort (i3C) Consortium, which includes 7 international cohorts recruited in childhood and followed into adulthood, the present study was designed to confirm the important relation between adolescent smoking and daily adult smoking and present new data on adult smoking into the forties and comparison of smoking in the United States, Finland, and Australia. Methods and Results: Childhood smoking experience during ages 6 to 19 in the 1970s and 1980s was classifiable in 6687 i3C participants who also provided smoking status in their twenties and forties through 2011-2018. Prevalence of daily smoking in their twenties was directly related to degree of smoking during adolescence and inversely related to the age at which that smoking experience occurred (P trend, P trend, Conclusions: These long-term follow-up data show that smoking intensity increased throughout adolescence. Prevalence of adult smoking and cessation by the forties were both correlated with levels of childhood smoking intensity. These data lend support to preventive strategies designed to reduce, delay, or eliminate any youth access to cigarettes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hu, T and Gall, SL and Widome, R and Bazzano, LA and Burns, TL and Daniels, SR and Dwyer, T and Ikonen, J and Juonala, M and Kahonen, M and Prineas, RJ and Raitakari, O and Sinaiko, AR and Steinberger, J and Urbina, EM and Venn, A and Viikari, J and Woo, JG and Jacobs, DR
Keywords: adult smoking, childhood smoking intensity, public policy, smoking, smoking cessation
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Heart Association
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN: 2047-9980
DOI / ID Number: 10.1161/JAHA.119.014381
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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