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The potential of genomics for restoring ecosystems and biodiversity

Breed, MF, Harrison, PA ORCID: 0000-0002-3502-0242, Blyth, C, Byrne, M, Gaget, V, Gellie, NJC, Groom, SVC, Hodgson, R, Mills, JG, Prowse, TAA, Steane, DA ORCID: 0000-0002-8061-8454 and Mohr, JJ 2019 , 'The potential of genomics for restoring ecosystems and biodiversity' , Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 20, no. 10 , pp. 615-628 , doi: 10.1038/s41576-019-0152-0.

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Abstract

Billions of hectares of natural ecosystems have been degraded through human actions. The global community has agreed on targets to halt and reverse these declines, and the restoration sector faces the important but arduous task of implementing programmes to meet these objectives. Existing and emerging genomics tools offer the potential to improve the odds of achieving these targets. These tools include population genomics that can improve seed sourcing, meta-omics that can improve assessment and monitoring of restoration outcomes, and genome editing that can generate novel genotypes for restoring challenging environments. We identify barriers to adopting these tools in a restoration context and emphasize that regulatory and ethical frameworks are required to guide their use.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Breed, MF and Harrison, PA and Blyth, C and Byrne, M and Gaget, V and Gellie, NJC and Groom, SVC and Hodgson, R and Mills, JG and Prowse, TAA and Steane, DA and Mohr, JJ
Keywords: ecological restoration, genomics, seed sourcing, metaomics, genome editing
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Reviews Genetics
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1471-0056
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41576-019-0152-0
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Springer Nature

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