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Protecting the mental health of small-to-medium enterprise owners: a randomized control trial evaluating a self-administered versus telephone supported intervention

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Martin, A ORCID: 0000-0003-0109-1218, Kilpatrick, M ORCID: 0000-0001-6039-9154, Scott, J ORCID: 0000-0002-6955-4015, Cocker, F ORCID: 0000-0002-2889-2114, Dawkins, S ORCID: 0000-0002-4073-6907, Brough, P and Sanderson, K 2020 , 'Protecting the mental health of small-to-medium enterprise owners: a randomized control trial evaluating a self-administered versus telephone supported intervention' , Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001882.

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Abstract

Objective:Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) are under-represented in occupational health research. Owner/managers face mental ill-health risks/exacerbating factors including financial stress and long hours. This study assessed the effectiveness of a mental health intervention specifically for SME owner/managers.Methods:297 owner/managers of SMEs were recruited and invited to complete a baseline survey assessing their mental health and wellbeing and were then randomly allocated to one of three intervention groups: 1) self-administered, 2) self-administered plus telephone, or 3) an active control condition. After a four-month intervention period they were followed up with a second survey.Results:Intention to treat analyses showed a significant decrease in psychological distress for both the active control and the telephone facilitated intervention groups, with the telephone group demonstrating a greater ratio of change.Conclusion:The provision of telephone support for self-administered interventions in this context appears warranted.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Martin, A and Kilpatrick, M and Scott, J and Cocker, F and Dawkins, S and Brough, P and Sanderson, K
Keywords: mental health, small business, intervention
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 1076-2752
DOI / ID Number: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001882
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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