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Is there anything wrong with using invasive and predictive brain devices to prevent convicted offenders from reoffending?

Gilbert, F ORCID: 0000-0003-0524-8649 and Dodds, S ORCID: 0000-0003-0292-9983 2020 , 'Is there anything wrong with using invasive and predictive brain devices to prevent convicted offenders from reoffending?', in N Vincent (ed.), Neuro-interventions and the Law: Regulating Human Mental Capacity , Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

The world’s first clinical trial using invasive ‘intelligent’ brain devices has beencompleted with significant success. The tested devices predict a specific neuronal event(epileptic seizure) allowing people implanted with the device to be forewarned and to takesteps to reduce or avoid the impact of the event. In principle, these kinds of devices couldbe used to predict other neuronal events and allow those implanted with the device to takeprecautionary steps or to automate drug delivery so as to avoid unwanted outcomes. Thischapter examines moral issues arising from the hypothetical situation where such devicesare used to ensure that convicted criminal offenders are safe for release into society. Wedistinguish two types of predictive technologies: advisory systems and automatedtherapeutic response systems. The purpose of this chapter is to determine which of thesetwo technologies would generate fewer ethical concerns. While both technologies presentsimilar ethical issues, the latter raises more concerns. In particular it raises the possibilitythat individual moral decision-making and moral autonomy can be threatened by the use ofsuch implants.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Gilbert, F and Dodds, S
Keywords: brain implants, criminal, predictive devices, responsibility
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Oxford University Press

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