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Carbon sequestration at the Illinois Basin-Decatur Project: experimental results and geochemical simulations of storage

Berger, PM ORCID: 0000-0003-4159-7651, Yoksoulian, L, Freiburg, J, Butler, SK and Roy, WR 2019 , 'Carbon sequestration at the Illinois Basin-Decatur Project: experimental results and geochemical simulations of storage' , Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 78, no. 22 , pp. 1-10 , doi: 10.1007/s12665-019-8659-4.

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Abstract

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is conducting the Illinois Basin-Decatur Project (IBDP), a large-scale demonstration of carbon sequestration that injected the CO2 from an ethanol plant into the Mt. Simon Sandstone. Using site-specific data and samples, batch experiments were conducted at reservoir conditions and the reactive transport code TOUGHREACT was used to model the CO2 migration and interactions in the injection formation. In the model, most of the mineral alteration occurred after the injection was completed and brine displaced the CO2 at the base of the plume. K-feldspar dissolution led to a nearly 10% increase in porosity which is a maximum estimate of alteration because, the model omits mineral transformations and may underestimate clay precipitation and the effects of grain coatings. The batch experiments recreated these conditions and showed a little alteration. In both the model and experiments, the bulk of the mineralogy remained inert. Calcite precipitated within the modeled plume where the transformation of K-feldspar to clays buffered the pH, though this process only produced minor mineral sequestration. Less-permeable layers in the model baffled the ascent of the CO2 plume and caused it to spread laterally. The plume did not reach the upper third of the Mt. Simon Sandstone. Both the model and the batch experiments show that the bulk of the Mt. Simon Sandstone will undergo little change due to CO2 injection, and the batch experiments show the feldspar dissolution in the model is likely limited.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Berger, PM and Yoksoulian, L and Freiburg, J and Butler, SK and Roy, WR
Keywords: carbon sequestration, Mt. Simon, reactive transport model, batch experiment, kinetics
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Earth Sciences
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1866-6280
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s12665-019-8659-4
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature

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