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Physiological mechanisms linking cold acclimation and the poleward distribution limit of a range-extending marine fish

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Wolfe, BW, Fitzgibbon, QP ORCID: 0000-0002-1104-3052, Semmens, JM ORCID: 0000-0003-1742-6692, Tracey, SR ORCID: 0000-0002-6735-5899 and Pecl, GT ORCID: 0000-0003-0192-4339 2020 , 'Physiological mechanisms linking cold acclimation and the poleward distribution limit of a range-extending marine fish' , Conservation Physiology, vol. 8, no. 1 , pp. 1-17 , doi: 10.1093/conphys/coaa045.

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Abstract

Extensions of species’ geographical distributions, or range extensions, are among the primary ecological responses to climate change in the oceans. Considerable variation across the rates at which species’ ranges change with temperature hinders our ability to forecast range extensions based on climate data alone. To better manage the consequences of ongoing and future range extensions for global marine biodiversity, more information is needed on the biological mechanisms that link temperatures to range limits. This is especially important at understudied, low relative temperatures relevant to poleward range extensions, which appear to outpace warm range edge contractions four times over. Here, we capitalized on the ongoing range extension of a teleost predator, the Australasian snapper Chrysophrys auratus, to examine multiple measures of ecologically relevant physiological performance at the population’s poleward range extension front. Swim tunnel respirometry was used to determine how mid-range and poleward range edge winter acclimation temperatures affect metabolic rate, aerobic scope, swimming performance and efficiency and recovery from exercise. Relative to ‘optimal’ mid-range temperature acclimation, subsequent range edge minimum temperature acclimation resulted in absolute aerobic scope decreasing while factorial aerobic scope increased; efficiency of swimming increased while maximum sustainable swimming speed decreased; and recovery from exercise required a longer duration despite lower oxygen payback. Cold-acclimated swimming faster than 0.9 body lengths sec−1 required a greater proportion of aerobic scope despite decreased cost of transport. Reduced aerobic scope did not account for declines in recovery and lower maximum sustainable swimming speed. These results suggest that while performances decline at range edge minimum temperatures, cold-acclimated snapper are optimized for energy savings and range edge limitation may arise from suboptimal temperature exposure throughout the year rather than acute minimum temperature exposure. We propose incorporating performance data with in situ behaviour and environmental data in bioenergetic models to better understand how thermal tolerance determines range limits.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Wolfe, BW and Fitzgibbon, QP and Semmens, JM and Tracey, SR and Pecl, GT
Keywords: Chrysophrys auratus, swim tunnel respirometry, thermal biology, range extension, aerobic scope, Tasmania, Australia
Journal or Publication Title: Conservation Physiology
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 2051-1434
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/conphys/coaa045
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s) 2020. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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