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Mechanisms of plant responses and adaptation to soil salinity


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Zhao, C, Zhang, H, Song, C, Zhu, J-K and Shabala, S ORCID: 0000-0003-2345-8981 2020 , 'Mechanisms of plant responses and adaptation to soil salinity' , The Innovation, vol. 1, no. 1 , pp. 1-41 , doi: 10.1016/j.xinn.2020.100017.

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Soil salinity is a major environmental stress that restricts the growth and yield of crops. Understanding the physiological, metabolic, and biochemical responses of plants to salt stress and mining the salt tolerance-associated genetic resource in nature will be extremely important for us to cultivate salt-tolerant crops. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of the mechanisms of salt stress responses in plants, including salt stress-triggered physiological responses, oxidative stress, salt stress sensing and signaling pathways, organellar stress, ion homeostasis, hormonal and gene expression regulation, metabolic changes, as well as salt tolerance mechanisms in halophytes. Important questions regarding salt tolerance that need to be addressed in the future are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Zhao, C and Zhang, H and Song, C and Zhu, J-K and Shabala, S
Keywords: salt stress, ion homeostasis, halophyte, hormones, oxidative stress, salt stress sensing, osmotic stress, salnity, ion transport, sodium, potassium, ROS
Journal or Publication Title: The Innovation
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2666-6758
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.xinn.2020.100017
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Copyright © 2020. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

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