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Mainstreaming microbes across biomes


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Clarke, LJ ORCID: 0000-0002-0844-4453, Jones, PJ ORCID: 0000-0002-4880-6711, Ammitzboll, H, Barmuta, LA ORCID: 0000-0002-8946-3727, Breed, MF, Chariton, A, Charleston, M ORCID: 0000-0001-8385-341X, Dakwa, V ORCID: 0000-0002-8407-8707, Dewi, FR ORCID: 0000-0001-5013-1736, Eri, R ORCID: 0000-0003-1688-8043, Fountain-Jones, NM, Freeman, J, Kendal, D ORCID: 0000-0003-2816-1722, McDougal, R, Raes, EJ, Sow, SLS ORCID: 0000-0001-5887-7049, Staples, T, Sutcliffe, B, Vemuri, R ORCID: 0000-0002-3238-426X, Weyrich, LS and Flies, EJ ORCID: 0000-0002-1013-0330 2020 , 'Mainstreaming microbes across biomes' , Bioscience , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1093/biosci/biaa057.

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Bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms in the environment (i.e., environmental microbiomes) provide vital ecosystem services and affecthuman health. Despite their importance, public awareness of environmental microbiomes has lagged behind that of human microbiomes. A keyproblem has been a scarcity of research demonstrating the microbial connections across environmental biomes (e.g., marine, soil) and betweenenvironmental and human microbiomes. We show in the present article, through analyses of almost 10,000 microbiome papers and threeglobal data sets, that there are significant taxonomic similarities in microbial communities across biomes, but very little cross-biome researchexists. This disconnect may be hindering advances in microbiome knowledge and translation. In this article, we highlight current and potentialapplications of environmental microbiome research and the benefits of an interdisciplinary, cross-biome approach. Microbiome scientists needto engage with each other, government, industry, and the public to ensure that research and applications proceed ethically, maximizing thepotential benefits to society.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Clarke, LJ and Jones, PJ and Ammitzboll, H and Barmuta, LA and Breed, MF and Chariton, A and Charleston, M and Dakwa, V and Dewi, FR and Eri, R and Fountain-Jones, NM and Freeman, J and Kendal, D and McDougal, R and Raes, EJ and Sow, SLS and Staples, T and Sutcliffe, B and Vemuri, R and Weyrich, LS and Flies, EJ
Keywords: microbiome, microbiology, environmental science, human ecology, aquatic ecosystems, soil science
Journal or Publication Title: Bioscience
Publisher: Amer Inst Biological Sci
ISSN: 0006-3568
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/biosci/biaa057
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Copyright 2020 the authors

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