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Modelling the dynamics of the Antarctic Slope Front

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Huneke, WGC ORCID: 0000-0001-8624-365X 2019 , 'Modelling the dynamics of the Antarctic Slope Front', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

This thesis investigates the dynamics of the Antarctic Slope Front (ASF), which controls heat exchange across the Antarctic continental slope. The motivation comes from the need to advance the understanding of oceanic heat supply to the Antarctic ice shelf cavities which impacts the stability of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. To address this question, the ocean dynamics at the Antarctic continental shelf break system is explored using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) which has been adapted for ocean/ice shelf interactions. The ASF is examined in two different model configurations, in an idealised channel domain and in a realistic circumpolar domain, with a focus on the sensitivity to surface forcing to understand how the ASF may change in a future climate.
Firstly, an idealised model configuration of the Antarctic continental shelf break system in a zonally-symmetric periodic domain is developed. An intrinsic variability of the ASF that is driven by a deep bottom mixed layer is discussed in the case of a relatively fresh continental shelf. Secondly, the role of surface buoyancy forcing and wind for the strength and shape of the ASF is investigated by analysing sensitivity experiments using the idealised domain. Different frontal regimes and their thresholds are determined on the basis of the relative ratio between buoyancy forcing to mechanical forcing.
Thirdly, perturbation experiments with artificially increased basal freshwater are performed in a realistic circumpolar domain. This work is motivated by the projected increase in freshwater supply to the ocean due to basal melting in a warmer climate. The response to the additional freshwater in the perturbed simulations is overall non-local. Findings between the idealised and realistic model agree in that the transport along the Antarctic continental slope increases for fresher continental shelves.

Item Type: Thesis - PhD
Authors/Creators:Huneke, WGC
Keywords: Antarctic Slope Front, ocean models, ocean, regional ocean modelling system, ice / ocean modelling, Antarctica, climate change, ice shelf
DOI / ID Number: 10.25959/100.00033607
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 the author

Additional Information:

Chapter 2 appears to be the equivalent of a post-print version of an article published as: Charlotte Huneke, W. G.Klocker, A., B. K. Galton-Fenzi, 2019. Deep bottom mixed layer drives intrinsic variability of the Antarctic Slope Front, Journal of physical oceanography, 49, 3163–3177. It has been removed from the publicly available thesis for copyright reasons.

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