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Assessing emotional and social health using photographs: An innovative research method for rural studies and its applicability in a care-farming program for youth

Norwood, MF, Lakhani, A, Maujean, A, Downes, M, Fullagar, S, McIntyre, M, Byrne, J ORCID: 0000-0001-8733-0333, Stewart, A, Barber, BL and Kendall, E 2019 , 'Assessing emotional and social health using photographs: An innovative research method for rural studies and its applicability in a care-farming program for youth' , Evaluation and Program Planning, vol. 77 , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.101707.

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Abstract

A framework for assessing photographs for the emotional and social health of young people (SHAPE) is described and tested, within the context of a rural program. Two independent raters assessed the photographs of participants. To assess inter-rater reliability, Cohen’ K and Kendall’s W were calculated. The two reviewers’ assessments of photographs were in agreement. The assessment of emotional/behavioural display showed 82% agreement. Agreement between reviewers’ judgements of proxemics (W = .866), interaction (W = .722), engagement (W = .932) and overall impression (W = .804) were all significant (p < .005). The method yielded results indicating that participants found gardening immediately engaging but their approach to equines exhibited a change from fascination to confidence during the program. The visual-diary method is a useful and sensitive method for research: where resources are limited; to complement traditional measures; for use with people who lack appropriate verbal communication or literacy skills to complete questionnaires; young children; other underrepresented groups.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Norwood, MF and Lakhani, A and Maujean, A and Downes, M and Fullagar, S and McIntyre, M and Byrne, J and Stewart, A and Barber, BL and Kendall, E
Keywords: research design, equine-assisted psychotherapy, horticultural therapy, bonding, human-pet, community-based participatory research, photograph analysis, care farming, youth, mental health, wellbeing, landscape
Journal or Publication Title: Evaluation and Program Planning
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0149-7189
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.101707
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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