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Dietary fats and atherosclerosis from childhood to adulthood

Laitinen, TT, Nuotio, J, Rovio, SP, Niinikoski, H, Juonala, M, Magnussen, CG ORCID: 0000-0002-6238-5730, Jokinen, E, Lagstrom, H, Jula, A, Viikari, JSA, Ronnemaa, T, Simell, O, Raitakari, OT and Pahkala, K 2020 , 'Dietary fats and atherosclerosis from childhood to adulthood' , Pediatrics, vol. 145, no. 4 , pp. 1-9 , doi:

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Background: The association of dietary fat distribution with markers of subclinical atherosclerosis during early life is unknown. We examined whether success in achieving the main target of an infancy-onset dietary intervention based on the distribution of dietary fat was associated with aortic and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and distensibility from childhood to young adulthood. Methods: In the prospective randomized controlled Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project trial, personalized dietary counseling was given biannually to healthy children from infancy to young adulthood. The counseling was based on Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, with the main aim of improving the distribution of dietary fat in children's diets. IMT and distensibility of the abdominal aorta and common carotid artery were measured repeatedly at ages 11 (n = 439), 13 (n = 499), 15 (n = 506), 17 (n = 477), and 19 years (n = 429). The targeted distribution of dietary fat was defined as a ratio of saturated fatty acids to monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids of Results: Individuals who achieved the main intervention target had lower aortic IMT (age- and sex-adjusted mean difference 10.4 µm; 95% confidence interval: 0.3 to 20.5 µm) and better aortic distensibility (0.13% per 10 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval: 0.00% to 0.26% per10 mm Hg) compared with their peers who did not meet the target. Conclusions: Achieving the main target of an infancy-onset dietary intervention, reflecting dietary guidelines, was favorably associated with aortic IMT and distensibility during the early life course. These data support the recommendation of favoring unsaturated fat to enhance arterial health.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Laitinen, TT and Nuotio, J and Rovio, SP and Niinikoski, H and Juonala, M and Magnussen, CG and Jokinen, E and Lagstrom, H and Jula, A and Viikari, JSA and Ronnemaa, T and Simell, O and Raitakari, OT and Pahkala, K
Journal or Publication Title: Pediatrics
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
ISSN: 0031-4005
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Copyright 2020 by the American Academy of Pediatrics

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