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Women and development: a case of women empowerment and community development through the Tayssir program in Morocco

Ben Haman, O, Fadzil, KS and Hamidi, M 2017 , 'Women and development: a case of women empowerment and community development through the Tayssir program in Morocco' , Sarjana, vol. 32, no. 2 , pp. 48-56 .

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Abstract

This paper aims to understand the relationship between the cash transfer program (Tayssir)and its role in promoting empowerment of rural women as a platform for social developmentfocusing on decision-making, accessibility, and mobility in Morocco. The qualitative researchwas conducted between May to July 2017. It utilized a case study methodology that involvedmothers from rural villages who benefited from the Tayssir program. The women are agedbetween 33 and 65 years old. The research was carried out using participant-observation andin-depth interviews with rural mothers. Findings from the case study showed that the cashtransfer program was able to promote a degree of empowerment for women, notably in termsof accessibility and mobility. Aspects of accessibility and mobility were observed, particularlyin terms of access to financial services (Post Maroc), having an ID card, and extending theirsocial networks. However, the cash transfer program did not affect decision-making processeswithin the rural family. The primary reason behind that is decision-making is oftencollectively done among family members. Decision-making measures include makingdecisions on financial matters, such as; the sale of family assets as well as makingimprovements to the home. Within this context, women’s empowerment through the Tayssirprogram was limited due to cultural barriers. These findings are important for the nextgeneration of cash transfer studies. It can also serve the body of work on the effectiveness ofcash transfer programs and its relation to community development.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ben Haman, O and Fadzil, KS and Hamidi, M
Keywords: social exclusion, cash transfer program (Tayssir), women’s empowerment, decision-making, women's mobility, rural women
Journal or Publication Title: Sarjana
Publisher: Universiti Malaya
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya

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