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Discussions during shared decision-making in older adults with advanced renal disease: a scoping review

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Raj, R ORCID: 0000-0003-4781-3255, Thiruvengadam, S, Ahuja, KDK ORCID: 0000-0002-0323-4692, Frandsen, M ORCID: 0000-0001-7027-1445 and Jose, M ORCID: 0000-0002-9589-0071 2019 , 'Discussions during shared decision-making in older adults with advanced renal disease: a scoping review' , BMJ Open, vol. 9 , pp. 1-19 , doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031427.

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Abstract

Objectives: This review summarises the information available for clinicians counselling older patients with kidney failure about treatment options, focusing on prognosis, quality of life, the lived experiences of treatment and the information needs of older adults.Design: We followed the Joanna Briggs Institute Methodology for Scoping Reviews. The final report conforms to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines.Data sources: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, TRIP and online repositories (for dissertations, guidelines and recommendations from national renal associations).Eligibility criteria for inclusion: Articles in English studying older adults with advanced kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate Data extraction and synthesis: Two independent reviewers screened articles for inclusion and grouped them by topic as per the objectives above. Quantitative data were presented as tables and charts; qualitative themes were identified and described.Results: 248 articles were included after screening 15 445 initial results. We summarised prognostic scores and compared dialysis and non-dialytic care. We highlighted potentially modifiable factors affecting quality of life. From reports of the lived experiences, we documented the effects of symptoms, of ageing, the feelings of disempowerment and the need for adaptation. Exploration of information needs suggested that patients want to participate in decision-making and need information, in simple terms, about survival and non-survival outcomes.Conclusion: When discussing treatment options, validated prognostic scores are useful. Older patients with multiple comorbidities do not do well with dialysis. The modifiable factors contributing to the low quality of life in this cohort deserve attention. Older patients suffer a high symptom burden and functional deterioration; they have to cope with significant life changes and feelings of disempowerment. They desire greater involvement and more information about illness, symptoms and what to expect with treatment.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Raj, R and Thiruvengadam, S and Ahuja, KDK and Frandsen, M and Jose, M
Keywords: elderly, ESRD, dialysis, scoping review, decision-making, supportive care
Journal or Publication Title: BMJ Open
Publisher: B M J Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI / ID Number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031427
Copyright Information:

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC.

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