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The relationship of Gastrinoma in MEN 1 to Helicobacter pylori infection

Endall, R, Thompson, M, Parameswaran, V and Burgess, J ORCID: 0000-0003-4748-9571 2020 , 'The relationship of Gastrinoma in MEN 1 to Helicobacter pylori infection' , Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 105, no. 3 , e676–e682 , doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa004.

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Abstract

Context:Helicobacter pylori and Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN 1) are risk factors for hypergastrinemia. Gastrin-secreting neoplasms of the foregut mucosa are both a source of, and potentially stimulated by, hypergastrinemia.Objective:To determine the relationship between H pylori exposure and the prevalence and severity of hypergastrinemia in patients with MEN 1.Design, setting & patients:Cross-sectional analysis of patients with a common MEN1 gene mutation managed at a tertiary referral hospital that underwent fasting serum gastrin and H pylori serum IgG measurement.Intervention:H pylori IgG and serum gastrin concentration, determined via immunoassay.Main outcome measures:The prevalence and severity of hypergastrinemia and its relationship to past H pylori exposure.Results:Thirty-four of 95 (36%) patients were H pylori IgG seropositive. H pylori seropositive patients were significantly more likely to exhibit hypergastrinemia compared with seronegative patients (relative risk [RR] 1.72, P = .023). H pylori exposure also predicted severe hypergastrinemia (RR 3.52, P = .026 and RR 9.37, P = .031 for patients with gastrin ≥ ×4 and ≥ ×8 the upper limit of normal [ULN], respectively). Gastrin concentrations ≥ ×10 ULN occurred exclusively in H pylori seropositive patients (0/61 vs 6/34, P = .001). Serum gastrin and alpha subunit were positively associated in H pylori-exposed (β = 0.69, P = .001), but not in H pylori-unexposed patients.Conclusion:Past H pylori exposure was associated with increased prevalence and severity of hypergastrinemia in MEN 1 patients. Past H pylori-related hypergastrinemia may contribute to the pathogenesis of ongoing gastrin hypersecretion by susceptible foregut neuroendocrine tissues.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Endall, R and Thompson, M and Parameswaran, V and Burgess, J
Keywords: Gastrinoma, MEN 1, Helicobacter pylori
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publisher: Endocrine Soc
ISSN: 0021-972X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa004
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Endocrine Society

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