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How Sustainable are the SDGs?


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Higgs, K 2020 , 'How Sustainable are the SDGs?', in H Washington (ed.), Ecological Economics: Solutions for the Future , Haydn Washington, Australia, pp. 109-130.

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The United Nation’s (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of 2015are rightly celebrated as a major achievement: an agreement between nationson a comprehensive plan to tackle worldwide social and environmental crises.However, they rely on elements that are likely to undermine their success, andon trade-offs where some SDGs will have to be sacrificed to achieve others.Of particular concern is the injunction to foster economic growth, defined asgrowth in per capita gross domestic product (GDP).The SDGs include specific goals for conservation, protection and restorationof land, sea and climate for the first time. A fourth goal (SDG12), ‘sustainableconsumption and production patterns’, also implies environmental limits.These four goals are an advance on the 2001 Millennium Development Goalswhich, though they talked of ‘sustainable development’ in general terms,otherwise ignored the Earth system that supports all life, including human life.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Higgs, K
Keywords: sustainable development goals (SDGs); growth; development;
Publisher: Haydn Washington
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Haydn Washington

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