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Preoccupation with body weight and under-reporting of energy intake in female japanese nutrition students

Kagawa, M and Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 2020 , 'Preoccupation with body weight and under-reporting of energy intake in female japanese nutrition students' , Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 3 , pp. 1-13 , doi:

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The present study aimed to examine associations between body image and under-reportingin female Japanese university students enrolled in a nutrition degree program. A total of 100participants (aged 18–29 years) completed (1) a self-administered questionnaire including theBen-Tovim Walker Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ), (2) a dietary assessment using a brief-typeself-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ), (3) a physical activity assessment usingBouchard’s Physical Activity Record (BAR) and a tri-axial accelerometer, (4) detailed anthropometry,and (5) body composition assessment. Based on the energy intake to basal metabolic rate ratio(EI:BMR) and using a cut-off point of 1.35, 67% of participants were considered under-reporters(URs). While there was no between-group difference in BMI, URs had significantly (p < 0.05) greaterpercentage body fat (%BF) and trunk fat (%TF) compared with non-URs. Regression analysesindicated accuracy of body perception and a discrepancy between current and ideal weight wereassociated with EI:BMR, whereas the salience subscale of the BAQ was associated with reported EI.The study raises concerns regarding the validity of EI reported from young Japanese females as theyare known to have a strong preoccupation with thinness, even with an acceptable BMI and healthand nutritional knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kagawa, M and Hills, AP
Keywords: under-reporting, energy intake, body image, Japanese females, dietary assessment
Journal or Publication Title: Nutrients
Publisher: MDPI Publishing
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright 2020 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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