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Longitudinal association of a body mass index (BMI) genetic risk score with growth and BMI changes across the life course: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study

Buscot, M-J ORCID: 0000-0002-9055-5928, Wu, F ORCID: 0000-0003-3753-974X, Juonala, M, Lehtimaki, T, Pitkanen, N, Sabin, MA, Viikari, JSA, Raitakari, OT and Magnussen, CG ORCID: 0000-0002-6238-5730 2020 , 'Longitudinal association of a body mass index (BMI) genetic risk score with growth and BMI changes across the life course: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study' , International Journal of Obesity, vol. 44, no. 8 , pp. 1733-1742 , doi: 10.1038/s41366-020-0611-x.

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Abstract

Background: The role of genetic risk scores associated with adult body mass index (BMI) on BMI levels across the life course is unclear. We examined if a 97 single nucleotide polymorphism weighted genetic risk score (wGRS97) associated with age-related progression in BMI at different life stages and distinct developmental trajectories of BMI across the early life course. Methods: 2188 Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study participants born pre-1980 who had genotype data and objective measurements of height and weight collected up to 8 times from age 6 to 49 years. Associations were examined using Individual Growth Curve analysis, Latent Class Growth Mixture Modelling, and Poisson modified regression. Results: The wGRS97 associated with BMI from age 6 years with peak effect sizes observed at age 30 years (females: 1.14 kg/m2; males: 1.09 kg/m2 higher BMI per standard deviation increase in wGRS97). The association between wGRS97 and BMI became stronger with age in childhood but slowed in adolescence, especially in females, and weakened at age 35-40 years. A higher wGRS97 associated with an increased BMI velocity in childhood and adulthood, but not with BMI change in adulthood. Compared with belonging to a 'normal stable' life-course trajectory group (normal BMI from childhood to adulthood), a one standard deviation higher wGRS97 associated with a 13-127% increased risk of belonging to a less favourable life-course BMI trajectory group. Conclusions: Individuals with genetic susceptibility to higher adult BMI have higher levels and accelerated rates of increase in BMI in childhood/adolescence, and are at increased risk of having a less favourable life-course BMI trajectory.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Buscot, M-J and Wu, F and Juonala, M and Lehtimaki, T and Pitkanen, N and Sabin, MA and Viikari, JSA and Raitakari, OT and Magnussen, CG
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Obesity
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0307-0565
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41366-020-0611-x
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2020

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