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Oromandibular dystonia: a diagnosis not to miss

Britton, D, Alty, JE ORCID: 0000-0002-5456-8676 and Mannion, CJ 2020 , 'Oromandibular dystonia: a diagnosis not to miss' , British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 58, no. 5 , pp. 520-524 , doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.02.018.

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Abstract

Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is characterised by sustained or repetitive involuntary movements of the jaw, face, and tongue. People with the condition may present to their dentist, general practitioner, or a secondary care specialist with non-specific symptoms including jaw or facial pain, bruxism, subluxations or dislocations of the jaw; fractured teeth or dental restorations, or both; or jaw tremor. Many clinicians are not aware of the disorder and this can lead to delayed diagnoses, unnecessary complications, and inappropriate treatment. OMD is an important diagnosis not to miss because referral for specialist management can provide good long-term results. To aid early, accurate diagnosis, this paper focuses on the key clinical features of the disorder and its dental and medical mimics.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Britton, D and Alty, JE and Mannion, CJ
Keywords: dystonia, oromandibular, diagnosis, neurology, maxillofacial surgery, oromandibular dystonia
Journal or Publication Title: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
ISSN: 0266-4356
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.02.018
Copyright Information:

© 2020 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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