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A systematic review of methods used to study fish in saltmarsh flats

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Harrison-Day, V ORCID: 0000-0002-2701-5961, Prahalad, V ORCID: 0000-0002-3547-616X, Kirkpatrick, JB ORCID: 0000-0003-2763-2692 and McHenry, M ORCID: 0000-0002-4393-8635 2020 , 'A systematic review of methods used to study fish in saltmarsh flats' , Marine and Freshwater Research , pp. 1-14 , doi: 10.1071/MF20069.

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Abstract

There is a growing body of research highlighting the importance of saltmarshes as habitats for fish for feeding, refuge from predation and reproduction. However, more work is needed on fish on vegetated marsh flats (or surfaces). We reviewed 60 studies that used 21 methods to sample fish assemblages on saltmarsh flats. Drop samplers, fyke nets and pop nets were most frequently employed, with considerably more studies being conducted in graminoid than succulent marsh. Reporting of sampling temporal and tidal details, environmental variables and fish attributes was inconsistent. Most of the papers focussed on one or more of conservation management, comparisons among habitat types, and the use of saltmarsh (including fish activity type or residency status). Important potential areas of research include the relationships between the fish assemblages of saltmarsh flats and coastal fisheries, the effects of invasive plant species and marsh restoration efforts in areas outside the United States, and the potential effects of sea-level rise on vegetated flats as fish habitat. Sampling methods that provide density measures are likely to be most useful for most of this research. Thus, drop samplers and pop nets are an appropriate choice, the former in graminoid saltmarshes and the latter in succulent saltmarshes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Harrison-Day, V and Prahalad, V and Kirkpatrick, JB and McHenry, M
Keywords: estuary, fish community, research design, Sarcocornia, Spartina, tidal marsh
Journal or Publication Title: Marine and Freshwater Research
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
ISSN: 1323-1650
DOI / ID Number: 10.1071/MF20069
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 CSIRO. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.en_US

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