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A novel testicular degenerative condition in a wild population of the common carp Cyprinus carpio (L)

Mahmud, R, Purser, J ORCID: 0000-0002-7061-9074 and Patil, JG 2020 , 'A novel testicular degenerative condition in a wild population of the common carp Cyprinus carpio (L)' , Journal of Fish Diseases , pp. 1-12 , doi: 10.1111/jfd.13216.

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Gonad abnormalities can restrict or completely block reproductive capability of individuals and in some case that of their populations. Here, we describe a novel testicular degenerative condition of non‐germ cell origin with a high prevalence (up to 22.1% of the population) in a wild population of carp. Based on gross morphology, and microscopic and cellular examinations, the condition shows progressive severity which could be categorized into low, mild, severe and complete. In early stages of the condition, an abnormally increased proliferation (11‐fold) of the Sertoli cell occurred, followed by degenerative cell death of all testicular cells, resulting in fluid‐filled vesicles in the later stages. This initial uncontrolled proliferation of Sertoli cells suggests that the condition could be triggered by malignant pathways; however, the observed subsequent apoptosis of all testicular cells en masse , rendering the animals “sterile,” appears unique. Observations, to date, indicate that this condition is specific to male carp and not present in other species of fish sharing the habitat. High prevalence of the condition allowed comparative evaluation between affected individuals, an aspect likely to facilitate future studies, including elucidation of the cause, robust testing of therapies and practical applications such as management of feral carp populations.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mahmud, R and Purser, J and Patil, JG
Keywords: carp, pest fish, JGC, apoptosis, carp control, histology, jelly-like gonad condition, testicular degeneration
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Fish Diseases
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN: 0140-7775
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/jfd.13216
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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