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Emerald from the Habachtal: new observations

Thomas, R, Davidson, P ORCID: 0000-0002-6129-0748 and Rericha, A 2020 , 'Emerald from the Habachtal: new observations' , Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 114 , pp. 161-173 , doi: 10.1007/s00710-020-00700-4.

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Abstract

The emerald mineralization in the Habachtal (Austria) is geologically and tectonically complex, and previous investigators have identified fluid inclusion evidence for a hydrothermal/metamorphic origin for the emeralds. In this paper we report the discovery of emeralds with a distinctly different inclusion population including melt inclusions, which demonstrates that at least some and probably most of the emerald mineralization in the Habachtal occurred from an extremely fluid-rich pegmatite-like aluminosilicate melt under supercritical conditions, at high temperatures and moderate pressures (~700 °C, 5 kbar). This conclusion is based on the presence of very highly-ordered graphite, and extremely water-rich melt inclusions in emerald. The Lorentz distribution of MgCO3 against the water concentration is a very robust proof for the supercritical state. We suggest that the purely metamorphic model, based on the extrapolation of fluid inclusion data to the regional metamorphic conditions (550 °C and 5 kbar) by some previous investigators are inconsistent with our finding of high-temperature indications (well-ordered graphite, high-temperature fluid inclusions and melt inclusions). This apparent conflict suggests a more complex situation and requires a re-investigation of the emerald genesis in the Habachtal deposit.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Thomas, R and Davidson, P and Rericha, A
Keywords: melt inclusion, fluid inclusion, well-ordered graphite, supercritical state, emerald
Journal or Publication Title: Mineralogy and Petrology
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Wien
ISSN: 0930-0708
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s00710-020-00700-4
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature

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