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Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?

O'Farrell, DL, Baynes, K-L, Pontes, HM ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, Griffiths, MD and Stavropoulos, V 2020 , 'Depression and Disordered Gaming: Does Culture Matter?' , International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction , doi: 10.1007/s11469-020-00231-1.

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Abstract

The dearth of evidence related to cultural and gender variations of established associationsbetween Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and other psychopathologies has been highlighted.Accordingly, the present study examined the association between depression and disorderedgaming behaviors, while considering cultural perspectives of vertical individualism (independence and hierarchy) and gender as potentially variating factors. To achieve this, an ethnicallydiverse online sample of internet gamers from multicultural societies (N = 1032; Australia =738; 71.5%; USA = 222; 21.5%; other multicultural countries = 72; 13.3%; Mage = 24 years;males = 503 [48.7%], females = 529 [51.3%]) completed the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short-Form (IGDS9-SF); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and theIndividualism and Collectivism Scale (ICS). Regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses were conducted. Results demonstrated that gamers presenting concurrently withsymptoms of depression and vertically individualistic inclinations reported higher levels ofdisordered gaming behaviors, with no significant gender differences. The findings obtainedimply that practitioners globally, and especially in multicultural societies (e.g., Australia,USA), should consider cultural differences when developing prevention and interventionstrategies for disordered gaming.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:O'Farrell, DL and Baynes, K-L and Pontes, HM and Griffiths, MD and Stavropoulos, V
Keywords: gaming, gaming disorder, gaming addiction, depression, gender, culture, vertical individualism
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Publisher: United States
ISSN: 1557-1874
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s11469-020-00231-1
Copyright Information:

Copyright The Author(s) 2020

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