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Measuring alcohol use-related shame and guilt: Development and validation of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale

Treeby, MS, Rice, SM, Wilson, M, Prado, CE and Bruno, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6673-833X 2020 , 'Measuring alcohol use-related shame and guilt: Development and validation of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale' , Substance Use and Misuse, vol. 55, no. 3 , pp. 441-451 , doi: 10.1080/10826084.2019.1683203.

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Abstract

Background: The dispositional tendency to experience guilt is inversely related to disordered alcohol use, while dispositional shame-proneness appears to share a positive relationship with alcoholproblems. Objective: In order to further research in this domain, a new measure of alcohol userelated shame and guilt is described. Methods: Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis(CFA), the psychometric properties of the Perceptions of Drinking Scale (PODS) were validatedacross two independent samples (Sample 1 N ¼ 293, Sample 2 N ¼ 429). Results: A four factormodel of the PODS was identified in exploratory factor analysis. The hypothesized four-factorPODS model was validated in an independent sample using CFA (RMSEA ¼ .046; CFI ¼ .99;TLI¼ .99). Alcohol use-related shame and guilt were reliably differentiated, and test re-test stability,divergent and convergent validity was established. Alcohol use-related shame was not clearlyrelated to taking action to address problematic alcohol use, but was positively related with measures of negative affect and using avoidance-based coping strategies. Conversely, alcohol userelated guilt was generally unrelated to measures of negative affect and was clearly associatedwith the taking of action to address problematic alcohol use. Conclusions: The Perceptions ofDrinking Scale has good psychometric properties and also appears to reliably distinguish betweenexperiences of alcohol use-related shame and guilt. Both alcohol use-related shame and guiltappear to be positively associated with the contemplation of changing one’s alcohol use-relatedbehaviors. Only alcohol use-related guilt was clearly linked to the taking of action to address problematic drinking behavior.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Treeby, MS and Rice, SM and Wilson, M and Prado, CE and Bruno, R
Keywords: alcohol, guilt, shame, harm, alcohol use disorder
Journal or Publication Title: Substance Use and Misuse
Publisher: Marcel Dekker Inc
ISSN: 1082-6084
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/10826084.2019.1683203
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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