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May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Australia

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Carnagarin, R, Fonseca, R ORCID: 0000-0003-4480-2542, Brockman, D, Critchley, S, Tan, I, Trengove, N, Tan, K, Lambert, GW, Cowley, D, Burrel, LM, Poulter, NR, Beaney, T, Ster, AC, Xia, X and Schlaich, MP 2020 , 'May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Australia' , European Heart Journal Supplements, vol. 22, no. Supple , H17–H19 , doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/suaa018.

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Abstract

May Measurement Month (MMM), originally initiated as a temporary solution to address the lack of blood pressure (BP) screening programs worldwide, emerged as aneffective annual campaign to increase the awareness of hypertension. MMM18, across-sectional survey of volunteers aged 18 years was carried out during May 2018predominantly in capital cities across Australia following the standard MMM protocol.Blood pressure screening along with additional information including anthropometricdata and responses to questionnaires on demographic, lifestyle, and environmentalfactors were collected from 3 352 individuals across Australia. After multiple imputation, 1 026 (30.6%) adult Australians had hypertension. Of the 2 936 individuals noton antihypertensive treatment, 610 (20.8%) were hypertensive, and 237 (57.1%) ofthe 416 individuals receiving antihypertensive treatment had uncontrolled BP. In linewith MMM17 results and other previous surveys, MMM18 revealed that close to onethird of the screened population (30.6%) had hypertension, 57.1% of individualstreated with BP-lowering medication remained uncontrolled indicating suboptimalmanagement of the condition in the majority of patients. Most importantly, only49.0% of those with hypertension were aware of their elevated BP, highlighting lackof awareness of elevated BP in nearly half of the affected population. Elevated BPwas directly associated with alcohol consumption, overweight, and obesity. Our findings demonstrate the need for (i) continued efforts to increase BP awareness in thepopulation, (ii) optimization of BP management strategies, and (iii) tackling some ofthe major contributors to BP elevation, including alcohol consumption and obesity

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Carnagarin, R and Fonseca, R and Brockman, D and Critchley, S and Tan, I and Trengove, N and Tan, K and Lambert, GW and Cowley, D and Burrel, LM and Poulter, NR and Beaney, T and Ster, AC and Xia, X and Schlaich, MP
Keywords: hypertension, blood pressure, screening, treatment, control, awareness
Journal or Publication Title: European Heart Journal Supplements
Publisher: W B Saunders Co Ltd
ISSN: 1520-765X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/eurheartj/suaa018
Copyright Information:

Copyright The Author(s) 2020. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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