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Social behaviors of children with ASD during play with siblings and parents: parental perceptions

O'Brien, ZK, Cuskelly, M ORCID: 0000-0001-9986-9985 and Slaughter, V 2020 , 'Social behaviors of children with ASD during play with siblings and parents: parental perceptions' , Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 97 , pp. 1-10 , doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103525.

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Abstract

Background:Both siblings and parents are important interactional partners for children with ASD, but we know little about whether these interactions differ between these two groups, or between older and younger siblings.Aims:To gather data about how parents perceive the interactional behaviors displayed by their child with ASD in play with their typically developing siblings and their parents.Methods and procedures:Parents completed a questionnaire developed for this study about the behaviors their children with ASD demonstrated when interacting with a sibling or parent. Following factor analysis, a 29-item instrument with two factors was revealed. Factors were labelled Prosocial Interaction and Withdrawal/Agonism.Outcomes and results:In some families, children with ASD were reported to display significantly higher levels of negative interaction when playing with their older siblings in comparison to younger siblings. When playing with their children with ASD, parents reported significantly more negative interactions compared to when their children with ASD played with younger siblings. There were few differences reported for play behaviors with parents versus older siblings.Conclusions and implications:Children with ASD appear to display different interactional behaviors depending upon their play partners within the family unit. This study could be used to inform researchers of different interaction strategies which may be useful in creating interventions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:O'Brien, ZK and Cuskelly, M and Slaughter, V
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, ASD, siblings, parents, family, interaction, communication, play, theory of mind
Journal or Publication Title: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0891-4222
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103525
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Elsevier

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