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Online versus classroom learning in pharmacy education: Students’ preference and readiness

Lean, QY, Ming, LC ORCID: 0000-0002-6971-1383, Wong, YY, Neoh, CF, Farooqui, M and Muhsain, SNF 2020 , 'Online versus classroom learning in pharmacy education: Students’ preference and readiness' , Pharmacy Education, vol. 20, no. 1 , pp. 19-27 .

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Abstract

Introduction: Online learning has been adopted in delivering many courses by tertiary education institutions due toseveral advantages it offers. Similarly, online learning has been promoted in pharmacy education to enhance studentlearning. This study explored pharmacy students’ performance and preferences towards online versus classroomlearning.Methods: An online learning module was developed for an independent subject focused on basic patient counsellingskills based on the course syllabus of Hospital Pharmacy. All second-year Diploma in Pharmacy students werestratified into online learning and face-to-face learning groups according to their cumulative grade point average (GPA)scores. The two groups were then invited to learn separately via online or face-to-face learning. After the activities,students’ knowledge on the subject was compared before they completed an online feedback survey.Results: There was no significant difference between the knowledge scores when comparing online learning and faceto-face learning, suggesting online learning was as effective as the face-to-face learning method. The majority ofstudents reported that they enjoyed online learning and found that online learning was a useful learning tool. Havingsaid that, most students purported a preference for a blended learning approach. The students valued the interactionavailable in face-to-face learning and the time flexibility offered by online learning.Conclusion: Online and face-to-face learning methods were found equally effective for student learning, yet pharmacystudents denoted that they favoured a blended learning approach. Although computer and innovative technologiesdiversify existing teaching and learning methodologies, matching students’ learning needs is crucial when selecting thedelivery approach to maximise student learning outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Lean, QY and Ming, LC and Wong, YY and Neoh, CF and Farooqui, M and Muhsain, SNF
Keywords: classroom, e-Learning, pedagogy, teaching methodology, web-based
Journal or Publication Title: Pharmacy Education
Publisher: International Pharmaceutical Federation
ISSN: 1477-2701
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 FIP

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