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Addressing the health care needs of people who identify as transgender: what do nurses need to know?

Boucher, I, Bourke, SL, Green, J, Johnson, E and Jones, LK ORCID: 0000-0002-2116-8545 2020 , 'Addressing the health care needs of people who identify as transgender: what do nurses need to know?' , International Journal of Healthcare, vol. 6, no. 2 , pp. 14-22 , doi: 10.5430/ijh.v6n2p14.

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Abstract

Being transgender (TG) is part of the natural spectrum of human diversity, and its visibility has increased with societal change.The TG population is comprised of individuals identifying themselves as the opposite gender to that which they were born. AdultTG people are calculated as a part of Australia’s non-heterosexual marginal population; therefore, exact numbers are unknown.As a result of not being recognised, TG people have faced multiple challenges, fairing worse in all socioeconomic and healthmeasures, including not being able to afford and access appropriate healthcare. Many of these challenges arise from a lack ofunderstanding resulting in social exclusion, bullying, and physical attacks. The isolation and physical assaults on this communitycreates anxiety and mental health conditions, including self-harm, suicide, depression, personality disorder, psychosis, posttraumatic disorder, and eating disorders. To affirm a gender identity that is different from the gender a person was born to isreferred to as “transition”. The lengths to which an individual will go to transition is varied with some people choosing to changeonly their dress and mannerisms and others to undertake medical interventions such as hormonal therapy and/or surgery. InAustralia, there is limited capacity within the health system to support the needs of the trans and gender diverse (TGD) population.Initiatives such as nurse-led post-operative support service need to be created as a way to address this. This service could providepatients with nurse advocates working collaboratively with other health professionals to provide primary health solutions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Boucher, I and Bourke, SL and Green, J and Johnson, E and Jones, LK
Keywords: transgender, gender identity, gender dysphoria, nursing, mental health, cultural safety
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Healthcare
Publisher: Sciedu Press
ISSN: 2377-7338
DOI / ID Number: 10.5430/ijh.v6n2p14
Copyright Information:

Copyright © Sciedu Press

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