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Healthcare challenges of incarcerated women in Australia: an integrative review

Stewart, C, Bourke, SL, Green, JA, Johnson, E, Anish, L, Muduwa, M and Jones, LK ORCID: 0000-0002-2116-8545 2021 , 'Healthcare challenges of incarcerated women in Australia: an integrative review' , International Journal of Healthcare, vol. 7, no. 1 , pp. 10-17 , doi: 10.5430/ijh.v7n1p10.

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Abstract

Background: Despite the rise in numbers of incarceration women, disparities between health care services and access exist. Thehealth needs of incarcerated women is complex and influenced by multiple social determinants of health.Purpose: Explore the healthcare issues of incarcerated women within Australian Prisons.Methods: Integrative review of the literature.Results: Incarcerated women represent a small proportion of the prison population within Australia, however, health outcomesare significantly impacted. Socioeconomic status, abuse (physical, emotional, sexual), previous incarceration, generational factorsare some of the factors impeding the health of incarcerated women. Mental health, chronic disease conditions, maternal and childfactors are significant health concerns of this vulnerable population. There is a disparity in health access and programs to improvetheir health outcomes. This paper explores the challenges impacting the health of incarcerated women.Conclusions: Significant disparities exist in the access of health services available to incarcerated women. There needs to be morefocus upon improving access to health services and health support programs to meet the complex health needs of incarceratedin Australia. Furthermore, there is a need for more primary health nurses to prevent and address the healthcare issues of thispopulation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Stewart, C and Bourke, SL and Green, JA and Johnson, E and Anish, L and Muduwa, M and Jones, LK
Keywords: incarcerated, imprisoned women, incarcerated mothers, indigenous, cultural safety, children/incarcerated women
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Healthcare
Publisher: Sciedu Press
ISSN: 2377-7338
DOI / ID Number: 10.5430/ijh.v7n1p10
Copyright Information:

Copyright © 2021 Sciedu Press

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