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Women's well-being and household benefits from seaweed farming in Indonesia

Larson, S, Stoeckl, N ORCID: 0000-0001-5899-4771, Fachry, ME, Dalvi Mustafa, M, Lapong, I, Purnomo, AH, Rimmer, MA and Paul, NA 2020 , 'Women's well-being and household benefits from seaweed farming in Indonesia' , Aquaculture, vol. 530 , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735711.

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Abstract

Seaweed production in Indonesia almost exclusively comes from community-based farming activities, yet theindustry has expanded at an unprecedented rate since 2010 to position the country as the major producer. Weexplored community perceptions of seaweed farming in South Sulawesi, using a well-being-impact evaluation(W-IE) method. Surveying 74 women from coastal villages where seaweed is a significant source of householdincome we found evidence of positive economic and social impacts from seaweed farming. Extra income earnedfrom seaweed was instrumental in creation of positive change in 5 out of 10 most important contributors to wellbeing: transport, housing, basic needs, other needs and education. No negatives changes were linked to seaweedfarming and there was evidence of increasing life satisfaction throughout villages, both by women from familieswho are and who are not engaged in farming, indicating positive equity aspects. This might be due to historicaldevelopment of the industry in Indonesia, where production is dominated by smallholders. Future interventionsthat seek to further increase production by focusing on large-scale commercial ventures need to be cognisant ofthe potential negative economic and social impacts of moving from small-scale to large-scale enterprises, and ofthe consequent implications for well-being and regional development.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Larson, S and Stoeckl, N and Fachry, ME and Dalvi Mustafa, M and Lapong, I and Purnomo, AH and Rimmer, MA and Paul, NA
Keywords: algae aquaculture, carrageenan, gender, wellbeing, impact, <i>Kappaphycus</i>, W-IE
Journal or Publication Title: Aquaculture
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735711
Copyright Information:

© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

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