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Oceans Plastics Charter

Haward, M ORCID: 0000-0003-4775-0864 2020 , 'Oceans Plastics Charter', in JF Morin and A Orsini (eds.), Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance , Routledge, United Kingdom, pp. 171-173.

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Increased attention is being directed at the problem of marine plasticpollution (Borrelle et al. 2017; Haward 20 18). Annually between 4.8and 12. 7 million tonnes of plastic is estimated to be dumped in theworld's seas and oceans (UNEP 2017) . A vast majority of marine plasticpollution (over 80%) derives from land-based sources. While this is aglobal problem-plastics reach the sea from all coastal states-83 % ofland-based sourced marine plastic pollution originates from 20 of theworld's 192 coastal states and the "top 20 polluting rivers were mostlylocated in Asia" (Lohr et al. 2017: 91 ). This can be explained in part asplastic waste is correlated to size of population (Lohr et al. 2017), butmany developed countries have exported plastics to a number of Asianstates for recycling (O'Neill 2019).

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Haward, M
Keywords: oceans plastics, pollution, international organisations, G20
Publisher: Routledge
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Copyright 2021 The Author

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