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Migration of adult children and quality of life of older parents left-behind in Nepal

Thapa, DK, Visentin, DC ORCID: 0000-0001-9961-4384, Kornhaber, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775 and Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 2020 , 'Migration of adult children and quality of life of older parents left-behind in Nepal' , Geriatrics & Gerontology International , pp. 1-6 , doi: 10.1111/ggi.14047.

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Aim: Studies regarding the impact of adult children's migration on older parents left-behind have focused on physical and mental health. This study assessed the relationship between migration of adult children and quality of life (QOL) of older parents left-behind in Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional community-based survey was carried out (May-July 2019) among 791 randomly selected older adults aged ≥60 years. QOL was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-abbreviated scale, and migration status was assessed into three categories: no migration, internal migration only and any international migration. A range of sociodemographic characteristics were measured for adjustment. Associations between migration of children and each domain of the QOL were examined by multilevel mixed regression. Results: Scores for QOL were; 58.8 ± 19.8 for physical, 63.7 ± 18.0 for psychological, 60.7 ± 16.2 for social, and 61.8 ± 15.0 for environmental domains. This study identified positive and null associations between the migration of children and QOL for parents, with higher scores for physical (b = 5.16, P = 0.017) and environmental (b = 3.19, P = 0.046) domains among left-behind parents whose children migrated internally compared with parents whose children did not migrate. Conclusions: The findings differ from previous research showing poorer QOL among left-behind older parents. Migration plays a significant role in shaping physical and environmental QOL among left-behind parents living in rural areas with important implications for migrants, their families, researchers and social scientists.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Thapa, DK and Visentin, DC and Kornhaber, R and Cleary, M
Keywords: cross-sectional research, left-behind older parents, migration of children, quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF
Journal or Publication Title: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN: 1444-1586
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/ggi.14047
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© 2020 Japan Geriatrics Society

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