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Skin-to-skin care alters regional ventilation in stable neonates

Schinckel, NF, Hickey, L, Perkins, EJ, Pereira-Fantini, PM, Koeppenkastrop, S, Stafford, I, Dowse, G and Tingay, DG 2020 , 'Skin-to-skin care alters regional ventilation in stable neonates' , Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition , F1-F5 , doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2020-319136.

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Abstract

Objective: Skin-to-skin care (SSC) has proven psychological benefits; however, the physiological effects are less clearly defined. Regional ventilation patterns during SSC have not previously been reported. This study aimed to compare regional ventilation indices and other cardiorespiratory parameters during prone SSC with supine and prone position cot-nursing.Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Single quaternary neonatal intensive care unit in Australia. Patients: 20 infants spontaneously breathing (n=17) or on non-invasive ventilation (n=3), with mean (SD) gestational age at birth of 33 (5) weeks. Interventions: Thirty-minute episodes of care in each position: supine cot care, prone SSC and prone cot care preceding a 10 min period of continuous electrical impedance tomography measurements of regional ventilation.Main outcome measures: In each position, ventral-dorsal and right-left centre of ventilation (CoV), percentage of whole lung ventilation by region and percentage of apparent unventilated lung regions were determined. Heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation and axillary temperature were also measured. Results: Heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation, temperature and right-left lung ventilation did not differ between the three positions (mixed-effects model). Ventilation generally favoured the dorsal lung, but the mean (95% CI) ventrodorsal CoV was -2.0 (-0.4 to -3.6)% more dorsal during SSC compared with prone. Supine position resulted in 5.0 (1.5 to 5.3)% and 4.5 (3.9 to 5.1)% less apparently unventilated lung regions compared with SSC and prone, respectively. Conclusions: In clinically stable infants, SSC generates a distinct regional ventilation pattern that is independent of prone position and results in greater distribution of ventilation towards the dorsal lung.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Schinckel, NF and Hickey, L and Perkins, EJ and Pereira-Fantini, PM and Koeppenkastrop, S and Stafford, I and Dowse, G and Tingay, DG
Keywords: monitoring, neonatology, nursing, respiratory
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Publisher: B M J Group
ISSN: 1359-2998
DOI / ID Number: 10.1136/archdischild-2020-319136
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Authors

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