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Adverse effects of prenatal exposure to residential dust on post-natal brain development

Song, Y ORCID: 0000-0002-8178-5641, Southam, KA ORCID: 0000-0003-3171-6928, Bennett, E ORCID: 0000-0002-9818-827X, Johnston, F ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, Foa, L ORCID: 0000-0003-4131-8341, Wheeler, AJ ORCID: 0000-0001-9288-8163 and Zosky, GR ORCID: 0000-0001-9039-0302 2020 , 'Adverse effects of prenatal exposure to residential dust on post-natal brain development' , Environmental Research , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.110489.

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have shown an association between prenatal exposure to particulate matter (PM) and adverse brain development. However, it is unclear whether gestational exposure to community-sampled residential PM has an impact on the developing brain. Objectives: We aimed to test whether in utero exposure to PM from residential roof spaces (ceiling voids) alters critical foetal neurodevelopmental processes. Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 mice were intranasally exposed to 100 μg of roof space particles (~5 mg kg-1) in 50 μl of saline, or saline alone under light methoxyflurane anaesthesia, throughout mid-to-late gestation. At 2 weeks post-natal age, pups were sacrificed and assessed for body and brain growth. The brain tissue was collected and examined for a range of neurodevelopmental markers for synaptogenesis, synaptic plasticity, gliogenic events and myelination by immunohistochemistry.Results: Gestational exposure to roof space PM reduced post-natal body and brain weights. There was no significant effect of roof space PM exposure on synaptogenesis, synaptic plasticity or astrocyte density. However, PM exposure caused increased myelin load in the white matter and elevated microglial density which was dependent on the PM sample. These effects were found to be consistent between male and female mice.Conclusions: Our data suggest that exposure to residential roof space PM during pregnancy impairs somatic growth and causes neuropathological changes in the developing brain.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Song, Y and Southam, KA and Bennett, E and Johnston, F and Foa, L and Wheeler, AJ and Zosky, GR
Keywords: brain development, foetal growth, maternal exposure, particulate matter
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Research
Publisher: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
ISSN: 0013-9351
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.110489
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

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