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Pathways for low carbon Nigeria in 2050 by using NECAL2050

Dioha, MO, Emodi, NV and Dioha, EC 2019 , 'Pathways for low carbon Nigeria in 2050 by using NECAL2050' , Renewable Energy Focus, vol. 29 , pp. 63-77 , doi: 10.1016/j.ref.2019.02.004.

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Abstract

Due to the adverse impacts of energy production and consumption on the climate, countries across theworld are now charged with developing effective strategies that provide energy security and protect theclimate. However, studies exploring pathways to reduce energy demand and GHG emissions in Nigeriaare limited and have not really focused on what is technically feasible within the country. In thisresearch, we use the Nigerian Energy Calculator 2050 to examine and compare the energy balances andGHG mitigation potentials for four alternative low carbon scenarios which are possible by 2050. Resultsshow that the alternative low carbon pathways will reduce energy consumption, GHG emissions, and airpollution compared to the business-as-usual case. However, our analysis indicates that fossil fuels willstill dominate the Nigerian energy system in all scenarios by 2050. Thus, efforts that successfullydecouple economic development from GHG emissions are still needed to keep Nigeria on the path of lowcarbon transition. Our findings further suggest that bioenergy and energy efficiency will play significantroles towards decarbonizing Nigeria. Policy implications for low carbon transition based on our analysisare also discussed. This paper may serve as a reference for developing energy and climate policies inNigeria.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Dioha, MO and Emodi, NV and Dioha, EC
Keywords: low carbon, Nigeria, NECAL2050, scenario analysis
Journal or Publication Title: Renewable Energy Focus
Publisher: Elsevier Advanced Technology
ISSN: 1755-0084
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ref.2019.02.004
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Elsevier Ltd.

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