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Parental supply of sips and whole drinks of alcohol to adolescents and associations with binge drinking and alcohol-related harms: a prospective cohort study

Aiken, A, Clare, PJ, Boland, VC, Degenhardt, L, Yuen, WS, Hutchinson, D, Najman, J, McCambridge, J, Slade, T, McBride, N, De Torres, C, Wadolowski, M, Bruno, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6673-833X, Kypri, K, Mattick, RP and Peacock, A ORCID: 0000-0002-5705-2026 2020 , 'Parental supply of sips and whole drinks of alcohol to adolescents and associations with binge drinking and alcohol-related harms: a prospective cohort study' , Drug and Alcohol Dependence: An International Journal on Biomedical and Psychosocial Approaches, vol. 215 , pp. 1-10 , doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108204.

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Abstract

Background: Parents frequently supply alcohol to their children, often only sips. We investigated whether supplyof sips and whole drinks, from parents and other sources, are differentially associated with subsequent drinkingoutcomes.Methods: A cohort of 1910 adolescents (mean age 12.9yrs) were surveyed annually over seven years from2010−11. We examined prospective, adjusted associations between the quantity of supply from parental andnon-parental sources in the preceding 12 months and five outcomes in the subsequent year, over several consecutive years: binge drinking; alcohol-related harms; symptoms of alcohol abuse, dependence and alcohol usedisorder (AUD).Results: In early waves, most parental supply comprised sips, while supply of whole drinks increased in laterwaves. Among those not receiving alcohol from other sources, parental supply of sips was associated with increased odds of binge drinking (OR: 1.85; 99.5 % CI: 1.17–2.91) and alcohol-related harms (OR: 1.70; 99.5 % CI:1.20–2.42), but not with reporting symptoms of alcohol abuse, dependence or AUD, compared with no supply.Relative to no supply, supply of sips from other sources was associated with increased odds of binge drinking(OR: 2.04; 99.5 % CI: 1.14–3.67) only. Compared with supply of sips, supply of whole drinks by parents or othershad higher odds of binge drinking, alcohol-related harms, symptoms of dependence and of AUD. Secondaryanalysis demonstrated that supply of larger quantities was associated with an increased risk of all outcomes.Conclusion: Parental provision of sips is associated with increased risks and the supply of greater quantities wasassociated with an increasing risk of adverse outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Aiken, A and Clare, PJ and Boland, VC and Degenhardt, L and Yuen, WS and Hutchinson, D and Najman, J and McCambridge, J and Slade, T and McBride, N and De Torres, C and Wadolowski, M and Bruno, R and Kypri, K and Mattick, RP and Peacock, A
Keywords: parental supply, alcohol drinking, adolescents, cohort studies, epidemiology, longitudinal studies
Journal or Publication Title: Drug and Alcohol Dependence: An International Journal on Biomedical and Psychosocial Approaches
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
ISSN: 0376-8716
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108204
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Elsevier Ltd.

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