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The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype

Jayasinghe, S ORCID: 0000-0001-8805-385X, Byrne, NM ORCID: 0000-0001-5310-6640, Patterson, KAE ORCID: 0000-0003-0663-4154, Ahuja, KDK ORCID: 0000-0002-0323-4692 and Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 2020 , 'The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype' , Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases , doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2020.10.006.

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Abstract

Physical inactivity is one of the major contributing factors to the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases. Unfortunately, low levels of habitual movement and physical activity (PA) are seen in an increasing proportion of populations across low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries alike. This new normal - the inactive phenotype - is a significant contributor to multiple health and economic costs. Here we provide a brief historical overview of societal declines in PA, roughly consistent with major transitions in PA and nutrition in recent decades. This is followed by a synthesis of research evidence linking inactivity with poor health outcomes and prevention approaches needed to impact a perpetuation of poor lifestyle behaviors. A major focus of the paper is on the economic/health costs and the reduction of the inactive phenotype. In summary, we demonstrate that the consequences of insufficient PA are manifold, and if sustained, impact short and long-term health and quality of life, along with substantial economic costs.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jayasinghe, S and Byrne, NM and Patterson, KAE and Ahuja, KDK and Hills, AP
Keywords: Sedentarism, chronic disease, health cost, economic cost, prevention, inactivity
Journal or Publication Title: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Publisher: W B Saunders Co
ISSN: 0033-0620
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.pcad.2020.10.006
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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