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To achieve big wins for terrestrial conservation, prioritize protection of ecoregions closest to meeting targets

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Chauvenet, ALM, Watson, JEM, Adams, VM ORCID: 0000-0002-3509-7901, Di Marco, M, Venter, O, Davis, KJ, Mappin, B, Klein, CJ, Kuempel, CD and Possingham, Hugh P 2020 , 'To achieve big wins for terrestrial conservation, prioritize protection of ecoregions closest to meeting targets' , One Earth, vol. 2, no. 5 , pp. 479-486 , doi: 10.1016/j.oneear.2020.04.013.

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Abstract

Most of the terrestrial world is experiencing high rates of land conversion despite growth of the global protected area (PA) network. There is a need to assess whether the current global protection targets are achievable across all major ecosystem types and to identify those that need urgent protection. Using recent rates of habitat conversion and protection and the latest terrestrial ecoregion map, we show that if the same approach to PA establishment that has been undertaken over the past three decades continues, 558 of 748 ecoregions (ca. 75%) will not meet an aspirational 30% area protection target by 2030. A simple yet strategic acquisition plan that considers realistic futures around habitat loss and PA expansion could more than double the number of ecoregions adequately protected by 2030 given current funding constraints. These results highlight the importance of including explicit ecoregional representation targets within any new post-2020 global PA target.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Chauvenet, ALM and Watson, JEM and Adams, VM and Di Marco, M and Venter, O and Davis, KJ and Mappin, B and Klein, CJ and Kuempel, CD and Possingham, Hugh P
Keywords: conservation, Aichi targets, Convention on Biological Diversity, protected areas, national parks
Journal or Publication Title: One Earth
Publisher: Cell Press
ISSN: 2590-3322
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.oneear.2020.04.013
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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