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How urban forest managers evaluate management and governance challenges in their decision-making


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Ordonez, C, Kendal, D ORCID: 0000-0003-2816-1722, Threlfall, CG, Hochuli, DF, Davern, M, Fuller, RA, van der Ree, R and Livesley, SJ 2020 , 'How urban forest managers evaluate management and governance challenges in their decision-making' , Forests, vol. 11, no. 9 , pp. 1-24 , doi: 10.3390/f11090963.

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Decisions about urban forests are critical to urban liveability and resilience. This study aimed to evaluate the range of positions held by urban forest managers from local governments in the state of Victoria, Australia, regarding the management and governance challenges that affect their decision-making. This study was based on a Q-method approach, a procedure that allows researchers to evaluate the range of positions that exist about a topic in a structured manner based on the experiences of a wide group of people. We created statements on a wide range of urban forest management and governance challenges and asked urban forest managers to rate their level of agreement with these statements via an online survey. Managers generally agreed about the challenges posed by urban development and climate change for implementing local government policies on urban forest protection and expansion. However, there were divergent views about how effective solutions based on increasing operational capacities, such as increasing budgets and personnel, could address these challenges. For some managers, it was more effective to improve critical governance challenges, such as inter-departmental and inter-municipal coordination, community engagement, and addressing the culture of risk aversion in local governments. Urban forest regional strategies aimed at coordinating management and governance issues across cities should build on existing consensus on development and environmental threats and address critical management and governance issues not solely related to local government operational capacity.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ordonez, C and Kendal, D and Threlfall, CG and Hochuli, DF and Davern, M and Fuller, RA and van der Ree, R and Livesley, SJ
Keywords: municipal government, urban planning, urban forest governance, nature-based solutions, ecosystem management, Q-method, urban forests
Journal or Publication Title: Forests
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1999-4907
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/f11090963
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open accessarticle distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (

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