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Modeling metal-catalyzed polyethylene depolymerization: [(Phen)Pd(X)]+(X = H and CH3) catalyze the decomposition of hexane into a mixture of alkenes via a complex reaction network

Parker, K, Weragoda, GK, Canty, AJ, Ryzhov, V and O'Hair, RAJ 2021 , 'Modeling metal-catalyzed polyethylene depolymerization: [(Phen)Pd(X)]+(X = H and CH3) catalyze the decomposition of hexane into a mixture of alkenes via a complex reaction network' , Organometallics, vol. 40, no. 7 , 857–868 , doi: 10.1021/acs.organomet.0c00782.

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Abstract

The ternary Pd complexes [(phen)Pd(H)]+ (1-Pd) and [(phen)Pd(CH3)]+ (5-Pd) (where phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) both react with hexane in a linear ion trap mass spectrometer, forming the C–H activation product [(phen)Pd(C6H11)]+ (3-Pd) and releasing H2 and CH4, respectively. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations agree well with the experiments in predicting low barriers for these reactions proceeding via a metathesis mechanism. Species 3-Pd undergoes extensive fragmentation, or “cracking”, of the hydrocarbon chain when sufficient energy is supplied via collision-induced dissociation (CID), resulting in the extrusion of a mixture of alkenes, methane, and hydrogen. DFT calculations show that Pd “chain-walking” from α (terminal carbon) to β and from β to γ positions can proceed with barriers sufficiently below those required for chain “cracking”. The fragmentation reactions can be made catalytic if 1-Pd and 5-Pd produced by CID of 3-Pd are allowed to react with hexane again. Ni complexes largely mirrored the chemistry observed for Pd. Both 1-Ni and 5-Ni reacted with hexane, forming 3-Ni, which fragmented under CID conditions in a fashion similar to 3-Pd. In contrast, only 5-Pt reacted with hexane to form 3-Pt, which fragmented predominantly via sequential losses of H2.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Parker, K and Weragoda, GK and Canty, AJ and Ryzhov, V and O'Hair, RAJ
Keywords: depolymerization, organopalladium, polyethylene, C-H activation, chain walking, computation, DFT, mass spectrometry
Journal or Publication Title: Organometallics
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
ISSN: 0276-7333
DOI / ID Number: 10.1021/acs.organomet.0c00782
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Copyright 2021 American Chemical Society

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