Open Access Repository

Investigation of F-RNA bacteriophage as a tool in re-opening Australian oyster growing areas following sewage spills


Downloads per month over past year

Torok, VA, Hodgson, KR, Jolley, J and Turnbull, A ORCID: 0000-0001-5701-8728 2021 , 'Investigation of F-RNA bacteriophage as a tool in re-opening Australian oyster growing areas following sewage spills' , Food and Environmental Virology , pp. 1-15 , doi: 10.1007/s12560-021-09462-4.

[img] PDF (Post-print)
142960 - Invest...pdf | Document not available for request/download
Full text restricted until 7 February 2022.


Oysters contaminated with human enteric viruses from sewage are implicated in foodborne outbreaks globally. Bacteriophages have been identified as potential indicators for these viruses, but have not been used in shellfish management outside of the USA. This study aimed to determine the background levels of F-RNA phage in five Australian oyster growing areas with a history of sewage spills and closures, over an 18-month period. In addition, oysters from five growing areas impacted by adverse sewage events were investigated for F-RNA phage, Escherichia coli, norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV). F-RNA phage ≤ 60 pfu/100 gm shellfish flesh were found to represent a conservative background level in the surveyed areas. Following two of the five sewage spills, elevated phage levels were observed in most sample sites less than 4 days post spill. By 7 days, most sites from all events had phage

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Torok, VA and Hodgson, KR and Jolley, J and Turnbull, A
Keywords: shellfsh management, food safety, foodborne viruses, norovirus, hepatitis A virus, Escherichia coli bacteriophage MS2
Journal or Publication Title: Food and Environmental Virology
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1867-0334
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s12560-021-09462-4
Copyright Information:

© Crown 2021

Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page