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Case studies demonstrate capacity for a structured planning process for ecosystem-based fisheries management

Koehn, LE, Essington, TE, Levin, PS, Marshall, KN, Anderson, LG, Bundy, A, Carothers, C, Coleman, F, Grabowski, JH, Houde, E, Jensen, OP, Mollmann, C and Smith, ADM 2020 , 'Case studies demonstrate capacity for a structured planning process for ecosystem-based fisheries management' , Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 77, no. 7 , pp. 1256-1274 , doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2019-0202.

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Abstract

Structured, systematic processes for decision-making can facilitate implementation of ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM). In US fisheries management, existing fishery ecosystem plans (FEPs) are primarily descriptive documents - not action-oriented planning processes. "Next-generation" FEPs extend existing FEPs by translating ecosystem principles into action through a structured process, including identifying and prioritizing objectives and evaluating trade-offs while assessing alternative management strategies for meeting objectives. We illustrate the potential for implementing a structured decision making process for EBFM by reviewing fisheries management case studies through the lens of the next-generation FEP process, highlighting two perspectives. First, across case studies almost all steps occur, many occurring in multiple regions, indicating scientific and fisheries management capacity exists to conduct structured process components. Second, adjustments would be needed to transition to next-generation FEPs, as existing activity is rarely conducted within a fully structured, integrated process and examples of certain steps are scarce, but existing examples can guide future management. Implementing ongoing activity within next-generation FEPs would likely streamline fisheries management activity, saving time and resources while improving outcomes for stakeholders and ecosystems.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Koehn, LE and Essington, TE and Levin, PS and Marshall, KN and Anderson, LG and Bundy, A and Carothers, C and Coleman, F and Grabowski, JH and Houde, E and Jensen, OP and Mollmann, C and Smith, ADM
Keywords: fisheries, ecosystem-based fisheries management, EBFM
Journal or Publication Title: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Publisher: Natl Research Council Canada
ISSN: 0706-652X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1139/cjfas-2019-0202
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Copyright remains with the author(s) or their institution(s).

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